As we grow, our eyes change and are more prone to certain conditions. Below lays out a timeline of when certain conditions may become more prominent.
Infant and Pre-school Vision
Babies learn to see much in the way they learn to walk and talk. It is important to detect vision problems early to ensure that babies have the opportunity to develop normal visual abilities. This is especially important if there is a history of lazy eye or blindness in the child’s family.
- Eyes wandering in or out
- Slow motor development; either fine motor or general movement difficulties
School age children
Vision is vitally important to classroom success in the early learning years. So much goes into looking with ease and understanding.
- Difficulties learning to read
- Avoids reading
- Difficulty copying or poor handwriting
At this age, children should be reading their school books easily and comfortably. Athletes require good eye-hand and body coordination. Good vision for driving is very important. This is often the age for contact lenses.
- Headaches when reading
- Squinting to see the board at school
Aging changes become more noticeable after 40, especially as the ability to focus at near decreases (presbyopia). Diabetes and glaucoma become more evident at this age as well, requiring more frequent eye exams. There is also a decrease in regular tear production and many people develop dry eye symptoms. Floaters increase in frequency and intensity as the vitreous in the eye ages.
- Difficulties seeing fine print
- Pushing reading material further away
- Eyes burn and redden
- Fluctuating vision
- Flashing lights or an increase in floaters
Ages 60 and up
The incidence of cataracts and macular degeneration increases as we get older. People in this age group should have regular yearly professional eye care, with dilated retinal exams. Early detection and treatment means a lifetime of good vision.
- Slow painless reductions in vision
- Wavy or blurry central vision
- Less comfortable driving at night